Everytime I need to transfer files between my ubuntu server to my local machine I have forgotten how to use the
scp command. Therefore I needed to write it down so I can remember it for the next time I need to transfer files to the remote server or to my local machine.
A bit basics of the SCP command
Secure copy protocol or SCP is a means of securely transferring computer files between a local host and a remote host or between two remote hosts. It is based on the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol. "SCP" commonly refers to both the Secure Copy Protocol and the program itself. Wikipedia
There are a ton of options that can be added to the SCP command. I will try to explain the most useful (to me at least).
- -r: This will transfer recursively. So if it is a direktory, it will transfer the whole directory with all the content.
- -p: This is the way you can specify a different port number. By default the default for SCP (SSH) is 22.
- -i: This is where you specify the private key. If you do not use public/private keys, drop this option and the command will prompt you for the password for the given user.
Transfering from remote to local
scp -r -i /Users/username/.ssh/privatekey_rsa firstname.lastname@example.org:/var/www/example.com /Users/username/Projects/example.com
This command will login as
remoteusername using the privte key
/Users/username/.ssh/privatekey_rsa. Then it will transfer the folder at the remote location
/var/www/example.com into the local direktory
Transfering from local to remote
scp -r -i /Users/username/.ssh/privatekey_rsa /Users/username/Projects/example.com email@example.com:/var/www/example.com
This command will do the same as transfering from remote to local, but the other way.